योगस्थ: कुरु कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा धनञ्जय |
सिद्ध्यसिद्ध्यो: समो भूत्वा समत्वं योग उच्यते ||
Bhagvad Gita, Chapter 2, Verse 48
yoga-sthaḥ kuru karmāṇi saṅgaṁ tyaktvā dhanañjaya
siddhy-asiddhyoḥ samo bhūtvā samatvaṁ yoga uchyate
Krishna addressing his loving friend Arjuna, is saying, that, “ O Dhananjay, (be) Steadfast in Yog, perform your duty, renouncing attachment, equanimous in success and failure. Having gained equanimity of mind, being same in all situations is called, ‘Yog’.
Before we start understanding the sense of above verse, few things need to be kept in mind. First, Dhananjay (whose another name is also Arjuna) who is not only a friend cum relative of Krishna, is also more likely in a state of disciplehood for Krishna. Above verse are said, in the middle of the war of Mahabharata. Arjuna is puzzled , uneasy and not ready to participate in the war as seeing all his gurus, masters, family members and friends as opponent there, he is reluctant of using weapons against them. His love and regards towards these opponents is stopping him in finishing his job, for which he was trained whole of his life.
Krishna is not a fighter here. He is not directly participating in war. He is simply helping and protecting the Arjuna’s side. Presence of Krishna is not here also as a guru or master for Arjuna. He is simply available to him as a friend, guide and philosopher.
While Arjuna has put down his archeries on the ground and not ready to perform for what he was supposed to do in that moment, Krishna spoke all the highest order of understanding of cosmic life and insisted him not to be fall prey under his emotional turbulence.
Krishna wants Arjuna to be stand again and not to loose his virtues, which are enshrined to him from his family, ancestors , trainers and society. Henceforth, he is convincing about the true nature of self vis a vis reality of life, in front of Arjuna through Bhagvad Gita.
Bhagvad means ‘lord’s’ and Gita means ‘songs’. They are not just statements but also the eternal truth of human life, said by a supreme Yogi to a layman social being. Despite, more then 5000 years have been passed, the need and relevance of Bhagvad Gita is still as of highest order of book of wisdom.
It is also pertinent to note that these verse are spoken in Sanskrit language, which has extremely huge vocabulary and meanings for every word. It is still a subject matter of research for people from all walks of life. English being a very new language comparing to Sanskrit, is helpless in many situations in bringing out the true meaning or sense of the word spoken in Sanskrit. Hence, the nearest most word available is used here while interpreting above verse.
Krishna is saying that, O Arjuna, don’t shake inside yourself, be affirm, be established in your own self and perform your duties. Arjuna is a layman infront of Krishna. Though Arjuna is a great warrior, has all potential of winning any war situation but he is shaking inside in his own whirlpool of emotions. He is loosening his strength as he is not in his senses. Hence, first guidance of getting reestablished, in his own self.
Arjuna, being a kshatriya (a warrior) is trained whole life to deal with such situations as are available infront of him. Whole life he is told to be affirm while killing anyone, for the cause of dharma. But here, he is emotionally attached to his opponents and due to such attachment issues, he is not ready to perform his duties. He is worried about the success or failure of the situation. He is ready to lose the war and tagged himself as a failure, which is against his nature as a winner. This duality of mind is also causing him to fall down. Krishna understanding his situation again says to him to perform his duties without considering the result of his work done. No idea of failure comes unless we have a ground for success.
Being equanimous in any situation is the highest understanding of life. Usually our life is full of demands and actions behind them. We demand and want to do or make things happen in our accordance. If our demand is fulfilled we become happy, if not then it becomes a matter of sadness. Every demand, want or expectation comes with its own miserability in life. This is called duality of life. Every side has a flip side, whether we know it or not, accept it or not.
Mind is made of dualities. We accept it or not but we have to accomplish both sides of the circle of karma. So, if we choose success, we also have to be ready for failure. In demand of success, result of failure is also hidden. Krishna is advising Arjuna to not travel in-between of these two polarities of success & failure because result is not in his hand. Only thing he can do is to finish his Karma. Karma, for which he is meant for. This state, when person is not concerned with any of the aspect of his desires or demand, is called Yogsthita or Yogaarudha. This is the state of equanimity of mind. Both the polarities of mind are silent, no internal chaos is working, only a sheer state of awareness is performing its action. This state is the state of ‘Yog’.
Situations like Arjuna also comes in daily course in all of us life. There is no difference between Arjuna or us, when the moment of action comes. Either we act or react. If we act without becoming bias, it becomes responding towards situation. Otherwise, usually, we react to the situations based upon the idea or preconceived understanding.
Yog is not a rocket a science to work upon or a mathematical equation to solve. It’s our state of living the life. A balanced living, giving our hundred percent in everything we are doing, brings us towards a sense of totality. This living in totality in anything or everything, is called, ‘Yog’. You can be a yogi too if you are ready to raise your bars towards higher directions of understanding of life and ready to lose that which is not worth.
Hari Om Tatsat.